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Scree for October, 1996

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This is the EScree - the Electronic version of the Scree newsletter from
the Peak Climbing Section of the Loma Prieta Chapter of the Sierra Club.
It should be viewed or printed with a fixed-pitch font such as Courier.
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     This publication may not be posted on any public news group.
                   October, 1996  Vol. 30, No. 10
    Deadline for submissions to the next Scree is Sunday 10/27/96.
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BONUS ISSUE! (EScree is being sent in two pieces because it is sooo big!)

At the request of the PCS officers, we have decided to splurge with a 
larger-than-life issue of the Scree in order to accommodate the huge 
volume of trip reports we've been getting. Don't yell at the Editor if 
your story has not yet made it into print. We'll clear the backlog 
over the winter, or my name ain't Editor.


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Next meeting (PCS meetings are the second tuesday of each month)
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Date:     Tuesday, October 8
Time:     7:30 pm
Location: Pacific Mountaineer 200 Hamilton Avenue, Palo Alto
Program:  The Canadian Rockies, Still Working on the A's

A collection of slides from a four week trip I did in August 92 
but the bulk of the slides are from Canada. Besides Andromeda 
and Assiniboine, we also did some routes in the Bugaboos and 
the Sawtooths in Idaho (driven south by bad weather).

- Hal Tompkins

 
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DEET
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REI tells me that 3M has stopped production of the Ultrathon 
insect repellent, but can't say why. Redwood Trading Post (in 
Redwood City) bought a whole bunch when they heard 
production was ceasing, and they are selling it cheaper than REI 
used to. The tube is military green, but it is labeled Ultrathon. 
Some time ago (on the email broadcast) I asked if anyone had 
information about safety or any other reason why production 
might have been stopped. REI Jungle Juice is now down to 17% 
DEET, and the salesman says any higher percentage should not 
be applied directly to the skin. Ultrathon is 32%.

- Steve Eckert

I channel surfed into a 60 Minutes bit on DEET bout a month 
ago. They were focusing on a couple cases where a few 
individuals had permanent nerve damage apparently from DEET 
(seizures, etc.). Don't know the whole story, just that 60 Minutes 
ran a negative piece on DEET. 

- Butch Suits

Sounds like I should have bought more 100% a couple of years 
ago. I'm down to mebbie a five-year supply. Last I knew (several 
years ago) Eastman Chemical would sell 100% DEET for a 
reasonable price. I know because I looked it up to see if the 
retail price was out of line with wholesale: and it was not.

- Robert Ayers

There was an article in Backpacker magazine that high 
concentrations of DEET on the skin are unhealthy.

- BOB@brisf.com

Just a couple of weeks ago, on one of those hour-long TV news 
magazines, a segment was aired about recent deaths variously 
connected to DEET. It may have been "60 Minutes" or 
"Dateline" or their ilk. I caught parts of it while I was working 
on my laptop. I suspect that the quasi- documentary style of 
presentation has contributed, at least in part, to what you're
seeing in the stores.

I didn't focus very much on the program because it wasn't a 
surprise to me. In the mid-80s, Consumer Reports magazine did 
an article on DEET. They had commissioned studies which 
found that concentrations higher than 30-33% had no added 
effectiveness. However, one statement that was made in the article, 
and almost glossed-over, was that a characteristic of DEET is its 
effectiveness as a skin-penetrating transport agent! For a few years, 
this information seemed to influence the DEET concentrations of 
insect repellents. In the nineties, I've noticed that concentrations 
have jumped again--until this month.

Below is an article that I found on the web. Some of the problems are 
suspected to be genetically predisposed but not all of them. Not 
enough is known yet about how it actually affects the central 
nervous system. Think bugnets!! 

- John A Baltierra


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Insect Repellent Hazard  (from http://pharminfo.com/pubs/msb/repellent.html)
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Reprinted from Medical Sciences Bulletin, published by 
Pharmaceutical Information Associates, Ltd., 23-Jul-95

Since 1957, certain insect repellents have contained N,Ndiethyl-
mtoluamide (DEET). Of the 38% of the US population who use 
insect repellents, 22% use products containing 15%-20% DEET. 
The most common repellents are Cutter Insect Repellent 
(Miles); OFF!, OFF! Skintastic, OFF! for Maximum Protection, 
Deep Woods OFF!, and Ticks OFF! (SC Johnson); Hot Shot 
(Spectrum); Muskol (Scholt-Plough); and 6-12 Plus (Sterling 
Drugs). The lowest concentration of DEET among these 
products is 4.75% (plus 0.25% DEET isomers) in 6-12 Plus 
spray; the highest is 95% (plus 5% DEET isomers) in OFF! for 
Maximum Protection liquid and in Muskol liquid and lotion.

Adults as well as children are at risk for toxicity when using 
insect repellents, the major toxicity being DEET*s effect on the 
central nervous system. Up to 56% of DEET applied topically 
penetrates intact human skin and 17% is absorbed into the 
bloodstream. In one study, 50% of a 1-mL dose of DEET was 
absorbed through the skin in 6 hours, with peak plasma 
concentration occurring after one hour. The concentration of 
DEET in the preparation, the amount of preparation applied, and 
the condition of the skin (intact, broken, or abraded) can affect 
systemic absorption. Children have an increased risk because of 
their higher surface-area-to-body-mass ratio. Occlusive 
coverings may increase absorption through the skin. Although 
insect repellents are effective for several hours, activities such 
as swimming, sweating, and wiping can remove repellent. 
Frequent reapplication can increase the risk of toxicity.

In one case, a 61-year-old healthy white woman, who had 
normally used a product containing 14.25% DEET, applied a 
different product with a stronger concentration, along with 
sunscreen. Becoming dizzy while working in her garden, she 
retired to her house, where the symptoms abated. On returning 
outdoors, however, she experienced presyncope and aphasia and 
collapsed. Admitted to the emergency department with nausea, 
vomiting, explosive diarrhea, and orthostatic hypotension, she 
had a systolic blood pressure varying between 70 and 100 
mmHg. Her blood pressure improved with 0.9% saline 
administered intravenously. Symptoms resolved within several 
hours and the patient was discharged the next day. This case 
was one of a limited number of reports of toxicity in adults, and 
the first in which cardiovascular toxicity was attributed to DEET.

Symptoms reported in other cases have included acute manic 
psychosis, delusions of grandeur, rapid pressured speech, 
headache, disorientation, agitation, ataxia, gait disturbance, 
seizure, and toxic encephalopathy. In several cases, exposure to 
DEET resulted in anaphylaxis -- which responded to treatment 
with epinephrine, diphenhydramine, and corticosteroids -- coma, 
and death. In five cases involving the ingestion of 50 mL DEET 
in concentrations of 45%-95%, hypotension, seizure, and coma 
occurred within one hour of exposure. Two of these patients 
died, whereas three survived with no residual symptoms.

Since DEET in concentrations of 20% to 30% is 90% effective 
in preventing tick bites, and since a 30% concentration of DEET 
is not considered to be highly concentrated, when it is necessary 
to use an insect repellent, preparations containing these lesser 
concentrations, rather than the higher concentrations, should be used. 
Even with the lower concentrations, application should be sparing.

(Clem JR et al. Ann Pharmacother 1993; 27: 289-293.) 


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Mt. Sill
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August 2-4, 1996: This past weekend a friend and I climbed Mt 
Sill. We started our trip from the South Lake trailhead. The hike 
up to Bishop Pass was on a nice trail, and although there were 
lots of mosquitoes, our mosquito repellent worked well enough 
that they didn't bother us too much.

At the top of Bishop Pass, we turned southeast to hike across 
country toward Thunderbolt Pass. We stayed pretty close to the 
base of the mtns, so we were climbing over boulders most of the 
way. Once we got to the top of Thunderbolt Pass, we climbed 
down into Palisade basin and set up camp. It was mid-afternoon 
at that point, so we had plenty of time to soak our feet in the 
stream and check out the scenery.

On Saturday, we headed off toward Potluck Pass. It was easy to 
get to the top of that pass, a little harder to get down the other 
side. We had to climb down one pretty long crack, so I got a 
chance to try out some of my newly-acquired rock climbing 
skills. Eventually we reached the base of Mt Sill.

Our guide book said that you could take any one of the chutes to 
the top, so we chose the closest and started climbing. About 
halfway up we ran into a guy coming down who said that he had 
reached the top of the chute and couldn't get across to the 
summit because there was a big gully in the way.

We decided to traverse across two chutes so that we would be 
sure to reach the summit. Our guide book called Sill a class 2 
climb, but we were on class 3 rock most of the way. We reached 
the summit (14,200 feet!) around 2:30 pm. It was really windy, 
so we signed the summit register, took a couple of pictures and 
headed back down. There were a couple of tricky spots on the 
way down, but we were able to go pretty quickly. It took us 
about 3 hours to hike back, so we got into camp around 6 pm. It 
was a long day, but it was a lot fun.

Sunday, we got up around 6 am and hiked out. It took a little 
under 5 hours to get back to our car. It was a great trip; the 
weather and the route couldn't have been better. From our camp 
in Palisade Basin, we were pretty close to the routes to 
Thunderbolt, Starlight and North Pal, so I'm eager to try one of 
those on a future trip.

- Kelly King


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All Tuckered Out
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In 1993 a woman called 911 from the top of Half Dome using 
her cellular phone. According to dispatch, she reported: "Well, 
I'm at the top and I'm really tired." The answering ranger asked 
if she felt sick. "No," she said, "I'm just really tired and I want 
my friends to drive to the base and pick me up."

The dispatcher explained that she would have to hike down the 
trail she had ascended. The visitor replied, "But you don't 
understand, I'm really tired." What happened next? "It turned out 
we got really lucky," the ranger said, "her phone battery died."


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Adventures With Yogi
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Below is a group of bear stories that Butch Suits solicited and 
assembled from PCS mailing list members. A similar collection 
of other wildlife encounters is coming soon.


*** Who's Chasing Who?

I was pitching my tent near the shore of May Lake in Yosemite, 
a supremely naive act in itself. I turned around to discover a 
large black bear sow nuzzling my pack with her cub close at 
hand. I yelled. The sow grasped my pack frame firmly in her 
jaws and ran off into the woods. I lit out after them following a trail  
of my personal belongings like some modern-day Hansel: here 
lay a wallet, a little further, my car keys, and so on into the distance.

The bears stopped beside a large tree in the midst of a clearing 
and began ravaging their booty. I picked up a softball-sized rock 
and hurled it in their direction. It hit the cub. Panicked, the tiny 
bear rocketed to the top of the tree like one of those weights men 
used to pound with mallets at county fairs to impress their 
girlfriends. "Error," I thought as one very pissed mother lunged 
toward me, charging. Now the chase had come full circle as I 
bolted into the forest, back the way I came. When in mid-stride I 
ventured a furtive glance over my shoulder, I found the bear 
sauntering languorously back to my pack, where she set upon 
devouring every last edible item. 

How long must we make reparations for the gross indiscretions 
and bad karma of a young curly-haired blonde named Goldilocks?

- Bob DeNike


*** Tag Team

Dave Giese and I had covered fifty miles of Yosemite trails in 
the course of two ultra-long days. We crawled down the trail to 
Little Yosemite to find a place to collapse for the night. After 
cooking our meal, we dutifully locked up the rest of our food in 
a bear locker and called it a night.

The bear started in on the camp sites a hundred yards away and 
worked his way around. We could hear campers trying to shoo 
the critter out of their sites. The bear made his way around our 
site without a threatening move, then wandered over to the tent 
containing three people and all of their food. The three came 
charging out to intimidate the bear, so the bear ran off with the 
three in pursuit, leaving their tent wide open.

Out of nowhere, a second bear appeared and grabbed the food. It 
had been a coordinated attack by two intelligent animals, and 
the humans had fallen for the decoy. 

- Bob Gross


*** Breath of Horror

Back in the summer of 1981 my brother and I spent the night in 
the Upper Pines Campground in Yosemite Valley. We had 
arrived late on a Friday night and had crashed into our sleeping 
bags. We didn't use a tent since we were too tired to put it up. At 
about 2AM we heard a bear snorting very close by. I wasn't sure 
if my brother had heard him, but I wasn't about to turn around an 
ask him. It was one of our first trips backpacking and we had 
never seen or heard a bear before.

While I lay in the bag on my right side, with my eyes as wide 
open as they could be, the bear came over closer and closer and 
finally started snorting and nuzzling my head! I couldn't see him 
and I was too terrified to turn or try and scare him away. I'm not 
sure what he smelled_maybe that distinctive "campground 
backpacker hair" or possibly a wayward piece of tomato sauce 
from that evening's last slurped strand of spaghetti. I lay there 
for what seemed like 15 minutes as the bear decided whether or 
not he wanted to further sample this interesting new smell. 

Luckily one of our neighbors who was obviously more 
experienced with bears was also being visited by a nosy bruin.  
He jumped out of his bag, grabbed some pots, and started 
playing that wonderful symphony heard so often in the Valley.  
As the bears ran I finally turned to see a huge golden brown bear 
running no more than 10 feet from us.  After an hour of 
repeating the scenario in my mind I finally fell asleep.

- Mike Rinaldi


*** Breath of Horror, Part II

About a dozen of us backpacked to the Young Lakes in 
Yosemite, cooked our dinner, hung our food in the tree, and 
waited for the typical bears to show up. Dave Giese threw his 
sleeping bag down on one side of the tree and I chose the other 
side. If the bears meant to attack our tree, they were going to 
have to go over us! The rest of our group retired to their tents. 
An hour or so later, the entire group was awakened by the most 
blood-curdling scream from Dave. They came running out of 
their tents to see who had been killed or dismembered.

No problem. Dave had simply been roused from a sound sleep 
with a bear staring him face to face. Dave unconsciously 
screamed although he was unscathed. The scream sent the bear 
packing, but nobody got much sleep that night. 

- Bob Gross


*** Eleventh Essential for Bear Country: Tire Iron

While in the Colorado high country this last fall I had an encounter 
with a bear that was most exciting. My partner and I were camped 
for the evening at a campground. We were the only ones there, as it 
was late in the year and during the middle of the week. Though I am 
always extremely cautious in the Sierra, I have never even seen sign 
of bears in Colorado, and therefore was not quite as wary. This 
particular night I had left the cooler out on the picnic table.

Sometime late in the evening I was awakened by the sound of 
the cooler crashing to the ground. I instantly knew what was 
going on and started yelling expletives at the thief. With my 
headlamp on I opened the tent to see the bruin not more than 10 
feet away busily eating my chow. I threw my sneaker at him, 
hitting him broadside. He darted off, stopped, looked back at 
me, then walked back to the cooler and resumed eating.

I yelled and jumped about, holding my sleeping bag outstretched 
as to appear larger than life, all to no avail. I was beginning to 
get irritated! I called out to my partner, who was safely watching 
this episode from within the enclosed camper shell of his truck, 
to help me find something to fight this *&$@#! with. At this 
point I was standing no more than 6 feet from the brute and 
spotted my aluminum lawn chair. "That's it! I'll hit him with the 
lawn chair!" I thought.

Suddenly my partner hands me a 2-1/2 ft tire iron from within 
the truck, and I am now ready to do battle with what appears to 
be the largest bear I've ever seen. I weigh 270 pounds, and this 
guy was probably 350. I told him that I didn't want to hurt him, 
but that he was eating MY food, and if he didn't cease that's 
exactly what I was going to do. Apparently he was used to the 
idle threats of puny humans, for he paid no attention. I warned 
him one more time, then lunged forward and beaned him over 
the head with the tire iron.

He was last seen hauling *%$, mowing down bushes and small 
trees in his attempt to get away from this guy who now felt 10 
feet tall. It was positively the biggest adrenaline rush of my life. 

- Thomas Leatherman


*** Ursine Soliloquy

"Rich-Moor is fine, except the foil outer package gives me 
heartburn. AlpineAire is exceptional, but it makes me so thirsty 
that I always have to find a stream to drink water right 
afterward. Backpackers Pantry is good, except that all of their 
products seem to smell alike_I can't tell the freeze-dried meat 
from the fruit. Mountain House is a long-time favorite for all 
bears. Their packages are a little tough, so you have to tear them 
up a lot with your claws before you gobble them down. Do 
remember to drink plenty of that stream water afterward."

"I found a real delicacy last month. I snatched the food out of the 
tree and ran off. When I got into the woods to unwrap the prize, 
I found one of a bear's favorite finds: Louis Meyer cold cuts in 
the new picnic package. It was prepared, as usual, without any 
fur or bones, so I couldn't tell which animal it came from. I 
enjoyed sucking out every scrap of meat. And the plastic 
wrapping wasn't bad either."

"I discovered the one type of food that I don't like at all. It was just 
too tangy. The name on the side of the tube said `Ben-Gay'." 

- Overheard (and translated) by Bob Gross


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Blood, Body Water & Eyewash
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Or as it would literally translate into many foreign languages, 
'blood, sweat and tears'. This aptly describes the PCS trip to Red 
and White (12,850 ft)on the weekend of 17th and 18th August. 
The group: Chris MacIntosh (leader), Nancy Fitzsimmons, 
David Lou, Bob Bynum, Chris/John Kerr and Arun Mahajan.

We set off at the McGee Pass trailhead at 9.45 am. The first 
stream crossing was easy, for the second, we did not cross at the 
point where the trail crosses it, we walked further on a small use 
trail and then crossed the stream at a logjam. The last stream 
had a nice steady log.

The trail is very scenic and well maintained. It has one steep 
section. We met a ranger along the way and he asked us to watch 
out for bears as a party camping at McGee Lake had a bear visit 
them a couple of days ago. We camped west of McGee lake near 
a small stream. It had taken us about five hours to get to camp.

On Sunday, we started off for Red and White at 6.30 am. We 
were planning on doing the class-2/3 south-east route. There is a 
good use trail that leads to a plateau that overlooks a spectacular 
snow covered bowl ringed by peaks. From here, we headed 
north-west to the base of the final climb. There were a couple of 
snow fields on the lower sections of the final climb.

We came to the level of the snow fields by going over a scree 
slope. From here the rocky slopes began. It was all loose rock 
interspersed with firm rock. I don't know what kind of rocks 
they were, (metamorphic?) but they made for really bad 
climbing terrain. At some places rocks gave way even after one 
had tested them and at others, they would simply break off at the 
handholds, just when one was hauling oneself up. This would 
initiate small rock falls, which people below did not find 
amusing.

We continued on still and made good progress. Then a rock that 
John Kerr had already tested as being firm, fell down. I was 
directly in it's path and just ten feet below, I ducked, but a 
smaller rock coming down in the wake of the first one got me on 
the forehead. Unknown to me, the larger rock continued down 
(accompanied by our cries of 'rock!') almost straight at David. 
Luckily for him, he could ward it off with his hand, causing a 
gash but not any more damage. Chris MacIntosh bandaged his 
hand and then we all decided to call off the climb. Meanwhile I 
had gone up further, and it seemed to me that the summit was 
not more than 500 feet away.

Downclimbing also provided some tense moments, but due to 
some good guidance by Chris, we came down without any more 
accidents. While it was disappointing to turn back from a 
summit on a perfect day, we realized the wisdom of the decision. 
There was just too much loose and unstable rock and almost 
everybody had some sort of a bruise. To summarize, there was 
blood and we sweated it out and there were some tears at not having 
obtained the summit, hence the title. 

- Arun Mahajan


*** Additional Comments:

Believe me, when that piece of rock was hurtling towards me, it 
did not look small at all!

Actually, I figured it out, and I think the rock probably weighs 
about 10 - 20 lbs, and was coming at me at about 10 - 20 mph. I 
think I would have sustained some serious damage, had I 
actually tried to stop it. What was amazing was how easy it was 
to *deflect* it. It took no effort whatsoever. [Yes, I had judo 
lessons when I was in college. :-)] The damage to my arm was 
caused by a *second* rock, about half the size, closely following 
the first, which caught me by surprise.

One lesson I learned was to treat every rock with respect. 
Several times during the climb, I saw relatively small pieces of 
rock being knocked off. The falling rock by itself would not have 
been serious, but the small rock managed to knock off a much 
larger piece of rock, causing much more potential danger.

Another lesson I'd like to share concerns first aid. It is my 
understanding that the current recommendation for treatment of 
surface wounds is to rinse off the wound with water and some 
mechanical action, e.g. by squirting the water from a bottle, and 
then just bandage it up. Application of first aid ointments or 
iodine solution is not suggested. The thinking is that the 
principal cause for infection is the embedding of foreign 
particles in the wound. As long as you take care of that, the 
wound will actually heal better without the ointments, etc. 

- Dave Lou


*** Editor's Note: There was some discussion of ointments on the 
email broadcast list! There are some (like Neosporin) that are 
"antibiotic", which means they will kill the nasties already in the 
wound. If you use the right ointment, it is probably better than 
nothing. Check with your doctor or pharmacist before deciding.


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Solo Duet
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Author's Note: This trip report was filed before I knew about 
Dave Dykeman's death on Devils Crag (two weeks after my trip).
Please do not take offense at my choice of words, but I have
chosen not to alter the report in the hope that all of us will 
think long and hard about the risks and rewards of what we do. 
If we make our decisions for ourselves, with knowledge of the 
risks, then we have lived the lives we choose and no one should 
second guess us. Be safe.

   "Black and white was so easy for me
    But shades of grey are the colors I see
    Now with the wisdom of years, I try to reason things out
    And the only people I fear are those who never have doubts"
       -- Billy Joel

I had once decided not to climb Black Kaweah and Devil's Crag, 
hearing of their dangerous exposure, loose rock, and many 
groups failing due to lack of time. This year, however, Bob 
Suzuki talked me into Black Kaweah (which we summited) and 
I had an invitation from Paul Magliocco to climb Devil's Crag as 
part of a small fast group. Paul has been denied the summit 
twice before, and this time he had to cancel due to non-climbing 
problems... but at the last minute I discovered that Ron Hudson 
had a permit for the same weekend! Ron had no partners, and was 
nervously considering a solo attempt, so we decided to join forces for 
a duet on Devil and split for some solo peakbagging after that.

We met at South Lake and blew over Bishop Pass in about 2.5 
hours, making it to our campsite at 10,000' on Rambaud Creek 
(pronounced "rambo", I think) in about 9.5 hours including 
lunch and Ron's 1-hour chat with the lady from Chino (while I 
sat at a stream wondering where the hell he was!). The route up 
Rambaud is not tough at all, with the best stream crossing at the 
outlet of Grouse Meadow. If you stay high enough (just under 
the cliffs) there is a flatter spot where the traverse over to the 
creek works. On the way in, we did not go high enough and 
wound up on brush. The other option is to stay in the slabs and 
rocks by the stream, which is great higher up.

On DC day, we were walking by 6:30 am, and I spent 11 hours 
doing the peak. (Ron took a full pack to the saddle between DC 
and Wheel, and headed north toward McDuffie over the summit 
of Wheel at the end of the day, while I packed down to the Muir 
trail to camp.) Trying to avoid up-and-down climbing is a 
mistake on this peak, because the traverses tend to be dangerous 
and slow. We wound up stowing the route description Ron had 
along and climbing almost to the top of the white peak that 
marks the northern end of the ridge traverse to the summit. With 
few exceptions, we stayed on the ridge crest from here up.

The route is mostly third class moves with fifth class exposure. 
There are places where the ridge is taller than it is wide (like 20 
feet wide 40 feet from the crest). I would not want to be up there 
in a gusty wind! There are accounts of all the routes and moves, 
so I'll skip that: The odd things I noticed were SILVERFISH and 
BEAR SCAT on the summit ridge, above 12000'! This bear had 
been eating a good berry diet, and there was both old and new to 
indicate this was not a one-time jaunt.

I took one belay on the way up, but in general the holds were 
good enough to count on either hand protecting from a double-
boot-failure. This was in sharp contrast to peaks like Thunder 
and Black Kaweah, where any hold might pull out or give way at 
any moment. On the other hand, most falls would have meant 
you only feel the first bounce (since it would have been enough 
to do you in) and no reason to send a team to pick up the 
hamburger. Am I exaggerating? Ask someone who's been there.

Ron remarked that the register showed no PCS entries in the last 
20 years. Could this be true? I examined the Observation and 
Giraud registers and came to the same conclusion... but perhaps 
I missed someone.

The gathering clouds marched toward us as we sat on the 
summit, and the soft hail started dumping on us about half an 
hour down. We hid out behind a rock, out of the wind, and 
watched our lichen-covered route get wet and slick. Not good. 
Then Ron mentioned that hail tends to produce lightning, and I 
thought of Paul's weather record on DC... but it cleared in 20 
minutes and we continued down without incident. We rappelled 
about 5 times and generally made good time going down.

On Day 3, I moved my pack up the Muir Trail to the junction 
with Cataract Creek, bear-bagged my food and dayhiked 
Observation Peak. My old 15' topo shows a trail, but that's a joke 
except from 9500 to 9900 (where the miners stacked rocks to get 
their mules under the cliffs). The chute I had chosen was full of 
snow, so I had about an hour's detour but the climbing was 
pretty nominal class 2. On the way down, I used my Leki pole as 
an ice axe and glissaded the slope that had been too steep to go 
up. The lip was not quite a cornice, and the slope became 
manageable after about 150' (with good runout), so what the heck?

The bucks with females are all down in Deer Meadow (along 
the Muir Trail), while the ones that got shut out are up Cataract 
Creek: I've got a picture of 3 with antlers (from about 150' away) 
to prove it! If you're going up this way, leave the Muir Trail 100 
yards downstream from where the map shows the junction, and 
head straight uphill IN THE TALL TREES until you hit 
boulders, then traverse along the bottom of the boulder field to 
the 9000' level next to the creek. Trust me, the avalanche trees 
below and the brush above make this the only sensible route.

Once back at my pack, I crossed the Muir Trail and headed 
uphill along the unnamed stream across from Cataract. The left 
fork heads toward a little lake on the way to Giraud, but nothing 
here has a name or a trail. This is cross-country Sierra at its 
finest! (assuming you ignore the really nasty bushwhack for the 
first 300') I stayed on the left of the stream going up, worried 
about being able to cross later, and that turned out to be the right 
choice. The right side gets brushy, while the left side has only 
occasional high second class slabs to contend with. I ran out of 
steam and daylight just as I ran into the worst mosquitoes of the 
trip, and made camp about 10300' in soft duff.

Continuing cross country to Giraud Peak on Day 4, I had the 
best possible scenery and footing to walk on. No evidence of 
humans, no cliffs, no scree - just tundra, tarns, and wildflowers. 
Walking around Lake 11040+, I gave thousands of frogs their 
daily "jump off the shore to avoid the possible predator" 
exercises, and continued up to the saddle at 11680+. This saddle 
has a cliff on the side I wanted to go down, but by going north 
(up) from the low point I was able to find a traverse route 
through decomposing granite and pine bushes. A bit of high 
second class, but there is no need to lose altitude between the 
saddle and the southeast face of Giraud.

Giraud Peak is climbed a bit more frequently than Devil's Crag or 
Observation (maybe 4 times a year), but should be climbed more 
often! The view from the top is stunning: Le Conte Canyon to the 
west, a frontal view of the entire Palisades to the east, Dusy Basin to 
the north, and... OK, so the south is just a regular Sierra view. Still, 
the north face of Giraud is one of the most sustained sheer cliffs that 
I have seen. The snow chute (which you can see prominently from 
Dusy Basin) that leads to near the summit goes over 80 degrees at 
the top, and next to it is a cliff that terminates in a 1-foot-thick slab 
standing on end to form the actual summit.

I followed Secor's route out, over the saddle northeast of Giraud, 
and had only minor problems finding the right chute. It's 
between the spires, which might be important if you're doing a 
one-way trip like mine. If you go too far one way, you've got 
slabs. Too far the other and you've got the sandy third class 
chute that I wound up going down. If it does not look like easy 
loose second class, go back to the ridge and find the right chute!

Ron and I bumped into each other on the way out: after three 
days solo, we were 15 minutes apart at Bishop Pass. (He bagged 
Wheel, McDuffie, and Black Giant, but that's another report.) 
Ron made a dash for SoCal traffic, while I had a margarita and 
carnitas at La Cantina before heading home. Don't order the 
double if you plan to drive. They mix 'em like you're supposed 
to, not like lime slushies.

PS: This is a multi-media trip report. Please let me know if you 
find the image useful or interesting so I'll know whether to 
bother the next time. There is a GIF image of the topo for this 
trip, with cross country routes shown, on the PCS web page at 
.

- Steve Eckert



-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Unofficial (Private) Trips
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Private trips may be submitted directly to the Scree Editor, 
but are not insured, sponsored, or supervised by the Sierra 
Club. They are listed here because they may be of interest to 
PCS members, not because they are endorsed by the PCS.


*** Tenaya Canyon Ascent
Trip:	Tenaya Canyon	class 3-4, maybe 5
Dates:	Oct 12-13	Sat-Sun
Contact:	David Harris	415-497-5571 harrisd@leland.stanford.edu
Co-Contact:	Bob Suzuki	510-657-7555 bsuzuki@aol.com

According to Secor, "This adventurous cross-country route 
should only be attempted by experienced mountaineers; 
many tourists are rescued from this canyon each year." 
We will ascend Tenaya Canyon from Mirror Lake to 
Tenaya Lake. Finding the optimal route is non-trivial, so 
we will bring ropes and you should be a comfortable class 
5 climber in the event we resort to brute force.


*** Yosemite Valley Carcamp
Trip:	Car Camp in Yosemite Valley
Dates:	Oct 12-13	Sat-Sun
Contact:	Cecil Magliocco	408-358-1168 cecilm@ix.netcom.com

Enjoy this fall in the valley. A group campsite is reserved 
so non-climbers are welcome (of all ages). Co-leader 
wanted to lead one dayhike. A $5 non-refundable 
reservation deposit is requested.


-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Official (PCS) Trips
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

PCS trips must be submitted through the Scheduler (see 
back cover for details). Trips not submitted to the 
Scheduler will be listed as PRIVATE, without recourse.


*** Langley
Peak:	Mt Langley (14,000')	class 2
Trailhead:	Cottonwood Lakes, near Lone Pine
Dates:	Oct 11-13	Sat-Mon
Leader:	George Van Gorden	408-779-2320

Beautiful area, the yellowing aspens, the meadow grass 
not so verdant and riotous, the frenzy of the long summer 
nights abating, a good time of the year. The trailhead is at 
10,000' and the trail into Cottonwood Lakes is very good, 
making this probably the easiest fourteener in the state. 
We will hike into our camp on Sat and climb the mountain 
on Sun. It is possible to get back to your car and drive 
back on Sun night, though you would get home rather late.


-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Mt. Williamson (14,375')
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Via The Bolton Brown (Classic) Route, June 22, 1996: Thanks 
to Steve Eckert's internet broadcast system I assembled a group 
of six climbers, none of whom I had ever met before except 
Dennis Hiipakka, who climbed Pyramid Peak with me two 
Februarys ago. The others were Eddie Sudol, Martina Fuller, 
Keith Barnes and the sixth man from Southern California.

We departed between 6:30 and 7 a.m., with Keith and Martina 
leading the way and Eddie trailing. Near the trailhead we 
crossed a stream four times. The water was high and it required 
some acrobatics to keep socks dry while crossing with boots 
(either that or take them off). After the fourth crossing, Eddie 
passed me an disappeared up into the endless switchbacks. We 
rendezvoused at a saddle above these switchbacks at about 10 
a.m. Mt. Williamson, Shepherd Canyon and the wall just to the 
right of the pass came dramatically into view. I arrived well after 
the others, which caused concern and disapproval by half the group.

At the saddle we met another climber, John, to whom I had spoken 
on the phone a few weeks ago. He is collecting 14ers and intended to 
summit both Williamson and Tyndall on this trip. I maintained my 
position as the caboose but stayed close during the next part of the 
hike, which requires a 500 foot descent into Shepherd Canyon. 
When we started to gain elevation again, the sixth man and I fell 
behind. I was content to hike at my own pace but he pushed himself 
harder and disappeared into the switchbacks above me.

Between 2 and 3 p.m. both groups arrived at Anvil Camp. 
Dennis set up his tent at Anvil and insisted that in the morning, 
he would try Tyndall instead of Williamson. Eddie was still 
hell-bent on Williamson and equally hell-bent on doing it from 
Anvil. He and Dennis had made an epic attempt from Anvil in 
1995. Unfortunately, they picked the wrong chute. They 
struggled valiantly and got very high on the mountain. But they 
did not have enough daylight to summit safely.

I left Dennis and Eddie, heading for the pass after 5 p.m. I met a 
member of Phyllis' team soon after I started. She wasn't feeling well 
and decided to return to Anvil camp for the night. I crossed the 
boulder field at the foot of the pass. Beyond it, much of the trail was 
still snow-covered and I had to climb up loose scree and talus to the 
left of it. Near the top, I was forced to take out my ice ax and gingerly 
traverse a couple of sections of hard snow. Lucky for me there were 
plenty of steps, because I had left my crampons in my van.

The sun shone high on the peaks as I stepped onto Shepherd 
Pass. Beautifully sculptured Tyndall appeared before me, but 
Williamson was out of view. I passed John's tent and found the 
sixth man, who had stationed himself many yards away from the 
others. Keith and Martina were already set for the night next to 
five members of the other group. They camped next to a frozen 
lake. I chatted a bit, filled my water bottles, had dinner and 
crawled into my bivy, half way between the sixth man and the 
others PCSers. A crescent moon graced the clear and windless 
night and I slept under it like a baby.

At first light I awoke and noticed some of the others stirring. 
Keith came over and politely explained that since I had moved 
slowly on the previous day, he, Martina and the sixth man 
intended to join Phyllis' group for the summit try. Also, they had 
decided not to use a rope. I would be welcomed to join also, 
provided that I kept up. I declined and met briefly with Martina 
and the sixth man to verify their plans.

Given the bad vibes I had felt the day before, I was not surprised 
that half my group split. But I was very surprised and bitterly 
disappointed that they had decided against the rope. I had 
already hauled it 6,000 feet up and did not intend to carry it by 
myself all the way. Without the rope, I did not think I could safely 
descend what I expected to be an exposed class 4 crux near the 
summit. I left the rope but loaded my harness into my fanny pack 
with the futile hope that I would meet another party using a rope.

We walked over the easy ground east of Tyndall and onto the 
moraine between two frozen lakes in the Williamson Bowl. I trailed 
as the group continued over a snowy hill and skirted another frozen 
lake. Beyond that a short stretch of snow, boulders and more snow 
led to the talus-strewn base of the mountain. The "black stain" 
marking the start of the correct chute was well in view, although the 
chute itself was still obscured. I passed by the sixth man who was by 
now well behind the others and I flopped down on the rocks like a 
dead frog. There was still a couple of thousand feet to go and I knew 
this was going to be a hard day.

John and Keith scouted while the rest of the climbers rested. 
John moved directly to the black stain, encountering water 
running over large rock steps. Eventually John and Keith worked 
their way above the black stain into the chute. The others 
followed and when everyone was above the stain, I lifted myself 
up and continued. I was never to see the sixth man move from 
his spot at the base of the mountain. Before I left, he expressed 
the opinion that there was too much danger of rock fall.

As I approached the stain, I spotted two climbers approaching, 
one of whom was Eddie Sudol, who had left Anvil at 5:30 and 
had reached the pass by 7 a.m. I expressed my doubts to Eddie 
about summiting without a rope and explained that I was 
moving slowly. Eddie brushed aside all my concerns and said 
that he would wait for me on the summit until 3:30 p.m. in order 
to help me down the crux. All I had to do was climb 500 feet an hour 
and I would easily make it. I still had some doubts but it was always 
my intention to at least get to the top of the chute and have a look.

Above the black stain we got the first view of the chute. It was 
several hundred feet high and full of class 2+ talus and scree. I 
moved slowly but steadily after Eddie and the other climber 
passed me, pausing frequently to catch my breath. Soon I got to 
a long stretch of snow. While I was on the snow, John 
cramponed down to me in triumph. He declared that I was 90% 
of the way there and that I would have no trouble.

After the snow patch I continued my ascent on more loose scree 
and talus. A smaller snow patch led me high up the chute, where 
I inspected possible routes on the left. I found only one crack 
that appeared non-technical and was disconcerted to see that it 
bore little resemblance to the photo in my guide book. But I felt 
some hope at the sight of two ice axes I saw at the base of the crack.

It was hard class 3, but my butt-jamming technique allowed me 
to rest securely as often as I wished. In a few seconds I made it 
up to a large boulder wedged into the crack and a couple of 
moves later I was on the ridge. My disbelieving eyes were 
greeted by a large, gently sloping summit plateau many footballs 
fields in area. To my left was an easy scramble to the highest 
summit, two or three hundred feet above me.

The next person I saw was Phyllis on her way down. The surprise in 
her eyes was precious. I was still so stunned by the unexpected 
ease of the climb that I stupidly asked her if I was on route. One 
by one I met the others and we congratulated each other in passing.

When I saw Eddie on the summit, I raised both arms in victory. I 
sat next to him at a quarter to two and took in the inspiring view. 
Tyndall's awesome East Face was below us to the northwest, while 
Whitney's regal profile towered over us to the southwest. Mt. 
Russell was surprisingly unimpressive despite its proximity, 
because its twin summits did not even rise into the sky from our 
perspective. The great Western Divide and the Owens Valley 
were impressive. The north was studded with hundreds of Sierra 
peaks and the still snowy White Mountain was easily recognizable.

After a long pause we reluctantly left the windless summit. 
Using deft moves, Eddie lowered himself down the crack and 
coached me down. I ignored his advice, making it down easily 
with graceless but effective butt-jams. Eddie encouraged me to 
meet him at Anvil that afternoon. I told Eddie I would try to 
meet him at the pass, but I was so content and tired that I lacked 
any motivation to push myself. I crawled down the chute and 
stopped often to rest and snooze on the way back.

The sun was almost down when I sighted camp. Pools of water 
just east of it shone like bright silver. For a moment I thought I 
was gazing on a small brightly lit town. I gulped some Gatorade 
and booted to my bivy site before dark. Phyllis asked me how I 
felt and congratulated me again. Her sole remaining companion 
was already sleeping; the rest of the climbers in our groups had 
descended to Anvil. I filled my water bottles and had a big 
dinner. As I ate I was greeted by the little mouse who had poked 
into the hole in my food bag the night before to steal a cracker.

Sunday morning at first light I broke camp and was first off the 
pass. My slow and careful descent on hard snow was the most 
dangerous part of the weekend for me. Once again I regretted 
leaving my crampons. At 8:30 or 9 a.m. I met Eddie and Dennis 
at Anvil. The rest of the PCSers who had camped at Anvil were 
already gone. Dennis told me about the adventure he and some 
of the other climbers experienced the day before on Tyndall. It 
took quite a push and only Dennis and a lady from Phyllis' group 
succeeded (the one that I saw returning to Anvil Camp as I 
approached the pass going up).

Eddie, Dennis and I agreed that it had been a great weekend, but 
we're not done with Williamson yet -- next Spring we'll try it 
again via the George Creek route.

- Tony Cruz


-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Third Class, My Ass: Darwin & Mendel
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

August 16-18, 1996 - Bob Suzuki organized an enjoyable trip to the
Evolution area. Participants included David Harris (co-leader), Sam 
Wilke, Ted Raczek, Gennady Farber, Alex Zelditch, Alex Keith, and 
Rich Leiker.

The group departed from North Lake at about 8:30 Friday 
morning to pack over Lamarck Col. We warmed up by 
accidentally hiking up the Piute Pass trail for ten minutes before 
discovering that the turnoff to Lamarck lakes was actually at the 
trailhead, not a short way up the trail as the 7.5 minute topo 
suggested. The ascent to lower Lamarck lake went smoothly. 
Alex had learned of a trail to the col on his previous trip; we 
found the trail slightly more than half way between Lower and 
Upper Lamarck lakes. The main trail crosses to the right (north) 
bank of the stream, then switch backs up a short hill. At the top 
of the hill is an easy stream crossing to the south side of the 
stream. The col trail picks up at the south side of the stream 
near the low point of a small saddle, descends the south side of 
the saddle, then works southeast past a small pond before 
switch-backing up a steep shoulder several hundred feet. It 
continues southeast up easy slopes over several false cols to the 
lake below Lamark Col. According to a pair of hikers we passed, 
the trail had been built by a packer to haul gear to the col. The 
trail makes the col as easy and straightforward as going over 
many Sierra passes.

By the time we'd reached the col, Gennady was suffering from 
the altitude and had dropped back with Alex. Gathering storm 
clouds drove us on and we descended the west side on rocks 
made slippery by rain and hail. We originally hoped to camp at a 
high lake at the edge of the Darwin glacier, but decided the 
spots were more readily available slightly lower at the lake 
immediately below the col. Gennady and Alex found us in camp 
as the storm began to clear.

On Saturday, we got a 6:15 start toward Darwin. Secor's route 
description of the Darwin Glacier and West Ridge was fairly 
good. A vertical section in the chute below the small notch can 
be bypassed on any of several routes on the rock to the right; the 
routes we tried had some interesting class 3 moves complicated 
by ill-placed patches of ice. An SPS report pointed out that 
following below the ridge on the right side to the summit plateau is 
easier than staying on the top of the ridge. After a short walk across 
the plateau, we saw the unmistakable summit block of Darwin.

The block is slightly detached from the plateau. Facing the block 
from the edge of the plateau, descend to your right off the 
plateau, then cross over to the left, descend down a chute and re-
ascend another (icy) chute to the far (southeast) side of the 
summit block. A class 3 crack leads to a ledge immediately 
below the far side of the block. Climbing the block involves a 
simple but exposed mantle; only one member of the group felt 
like using the rope which we had hauled all the way up. A single 
long sling provided a bomb-proof anchor; don't bother bringing a 
rack. An experienced party can do the climb safely with no rope; 
a very short 7 mil rope would suffice to belay those 
uncomfortable with exposure up the last 5 feet to the summit. 
The views were outstanding from the top and the climbing was 
very good. The climb took about 4 hours and the descent to the 
glacier was another hour.

We descended Darwin and traversed the glacier to the east face 
of Mendel. At this point, Ted was tired of rock work and 
decided to return to camp; little did he know what a wise 
decision he had made. Secor calls the face class 3 and refers to 
many ledges, but nothing we could find resembled a ledge. The 
entire face is very loose and several rocks came down that could 
have caused serious injury to anyone in their path. We met a guy 
descending from a solo ascent of the Mendel Couloir who 
directed us right and assured us the route was 3rd class; we 
foolishly accepted his directions. The climb to the northeast 
ridge was easy (though loose) 3rd class. However, the ridge 
itself was very steep and blocky in many places.

We could not find Secor's rumored 3rd class "pleasant climb;" 
numerous moves were both tricky and exposed, meeting our 
definition of 4th class. Unfortunately, we had left the rope at the 
edge of the glacier because we were competent climbers 
expecting a 3rd class route. Alex Zelditch scampered ahead to 
scout and chimneyed up something that looked 5th class to those 
of us watching; the rest of us were unwilling to follow and 
traversed to the face right beneath the summit. We had the 
choice of chutes to the left or right. The left is probably the 
chute with the chockstone referred to by Secor; Rich examined 
the chockstone and felt it would be possible to climb, but 
difficult to downclimb. A skinny person may have been able to 
squeeze through a keyhole beneath the stone. We opted instead 
for a 4th class move to the right, which reunited us with Alex 
and gave easy access to the summit.

In the Mendel summit register, somebody had written "Third 
Class, My Ass," which became the theme of the trip. Views of 
Evolution Lake and the Evolution Valley were superb from the 
edge of the plateau. The climb from the glacier was 3-4 hours, 
due to route finding, tedious 4th class climbing, and general apathy.

We descended the same chimney and continued down steep, 
sandy slopes of the face, probably taking Secor's "East Face" 
route, though ledges are an inaccurate description. A 40 pound 
rock came down from the back of the group; by the time it 
reached the front 300 feet down the face, it had split in two and 
was flying 30 feet in the air. Half dropped directly toward Bob's 
head; he dived under and narrowly avoided the boulder, but 
began sliding down the scree-covered face toward an eight foot 
cliff and barely caught himself before going over. The entire 
climb and descent was very stressful and hazardous. I would 
recommend helmets and a short, light rope to future parties and 
have no interest in repeating the climb myself.

On Sunday, David, Alex Keith, Rich, and Ted left camp at 7:15, 
brought our packs to the lake on the far side of the col, and made 
a quick ascent of Lamarck Peak (16-30 minutes from lake to 
summit). The views made the climb worthwhile (once); we returned 
to the lake and met the rest of the party which had left at 8:00. 
The hike out was uneventful and we reached the cars by 1:30.

We descended to Bishop for lunch at a BBQ place on the west 
side of the main road about a block south of the North Lake 
road. The restaurant was new to most of us and the food was 
good (though our standards after three days may be low). Alex 
Keith plans to write a PCS restaurant guide for the Eastern 
Sierra; send him (akeith@crc.ricoh.com) your favorite and least 
favorite restaurants. 

- David Harris

(End of Part 1 of 2, October 1996 EScree)

(Start of Part 2 of 2, October 1996 EScree)

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Notes and Requests
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------


*** 9mm Half Rope For Sale

After traumatic experiences on Mendel and Thunder this 
summer, I picked up a 9 mil rope at REI to carry on 4th class 
trips in the future.  It should be much less likely to cut than a 7 
mil rope, especially in the event of a pendulum or rockfall. I'm 
cutting it in two and carrying 80 feet (1.3 kg).  I'd be happy to 
sell the other half for $65 to anybody else looking for a short 
rope. Call 415-497-5571.

- David Harris 


*** Everest Tragedy Online

If you have a web browser, check out 
 or more specifically 
. There 
are letters from guides who were on the mountain during this year's 
ill-fated summit attempt that killed guide Scott Fischer and others. 
Blunt comments are given on the performance of the guides and the 
ways in which those on the climb contributed to the problems. This 
is not slick journalism, but it's another set of viewpoints.

- Steve Eckert 

For those of you in this group who want to read the ultimate trip 
report, point your web browser at 

This is an amazing story, and hopefully everybody can learn 
something by reading it. Read it, it's worth it... Here's the 
opening of "Into Thin Air":

Everest deals with trespassers harshly: the dead vanish 
beneath the snows. While the living struggle to explain what 
happened. And why. A survivor of the mountain's worst 
disaster examines the business of Mount Everest and the 
steep price of ambition.

- Steve Parker 


*** The Jugglers on Peaks Club

The Jugglers on Peaks Club (JOPC) was founded in 1972 or 73 
and at one time boasted active members in various states of the 
US, Australia, and some other countries. After 1980, only 
sporadic ascents have been made, and the active membership 
fell off (ha ha) to about nil. Still, everytime I manage to climb 
something, I always juggle on top, and have juggled on over 300 
mountain summits in Alaska, California, Colorado, Nevada, 
Washington, Australia, Canada, England, Germany, Indonesia, 
Japan, Korea, Mexico, New Zealand, Wales, and probably a few 
other places I forgot. How to join All you have to do is climb 
some peak, and juggle at least 50 throws of any valid juggling 
pattern (more objects in motion than the number of hands in use 
is the JOPC definition of "valid".) Then you are automatically a 
member for life. Once you have climbed over 50 peaks, you 
need to juggle one throw for each peak. You get extra style 
points for: Juggling more than three objects, Juggling something 
other than rocks/snowballs/juggling balls, Very precarious 
summits, Adverse weather conditions, Difficult climbing, 
Remote location etc. 

- Nathan Hoover 


*** Adventures with Electricity Series

I am seeking  new stories from list members on "Adventures 
with Electricity" (or other interesting encounters with awesome 
weather phenomena in the mountains). The idea is for you to 
send me a concise paragraph or two of your experiences. I'll 
assemble them and prepare them for Scree--this is an easy way 
to share the labor of creating entertaining articles . Anyone care 
to resurrect the old PCS story about smoking underwear 
(induced by static electricity, as I recall)?

- Butch Suits 


*** Post/Pre Trip Restaurants?

I would like to compile a list of restaurants that people like to 
eat at before or after a peak trip. There are many of us who have 
their favorite eatery in Lone Pine they like to visit after a hard 
climb or a place in Oakdale to have dinner before living off 
freeze dried beef stew. If you have a favorite restaurant, send it 
to me and I'll compile a list and send it back out. The more 
information you give me, the better. For example, the name of 
the place, where it's at, is it pricey ($14.00 dinner), moderate 
($9.00 dinner) or freeze dried beef stew and what you might 
recommend. If there's a restaurant you recommend staying away 
from, that would good to know also. I understand that for some 
of you, this is privileged information, not to be distributed to 
just anyone. I therefore guarantee that this information will only 
be distributed to a very select section of the general population. 
Thanks in advance.

- Alex Keith 


*** Hot Times at High Camp Tonight

I have been looking for this camp pressure cooker that a lot of us 
have seen on the road/trail but never in the stores. The smallest 
pressure cooker I can find in the stores is 4qt which is too huge 
for backpacking. A 2 qt would be about right for those month 
long trips melting snow for water... Does anyone have any 
leads? Work phone 415-476-3577.

- Phoebe Couch 


*** Books On Ultra-Light Backpacking

Can anyone recommend a good book on ultra-light backpacking 
techniques? I have heard that someone who writes on hiking the 
Pacific Crest Trail has good info on this topic, but have lost the 
reference. Thanks.

Can anyone recommend a library on the Peninsula or South Bay 
with a good selection of recent books on backpacking? Santa 
Cruz and San Jose are worthless, with most selections from the 
early Seventies.

P. S. When you use a library, request they order titles you like, 
but don't really need to own (or can't afford to buy). Librarians 
respond to expressed interest.  

- John Cowan 


+ + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + +
+ "The race is not always to the swift, +
+ but to those who keep on running."    +
+ + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + 


-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Shangri-La in the Sierra
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Royce, Merriam, Four Gables, and Stanford (N)  2-4 August 96.

This was a very enjoyable mid-summer trip with near-perfect 
conditions. We Started at Pine Creek (7500') 7am Fri and got to 
"Royce Pass" (above Honeymoon Lk) 11,700' at 1pm. Nice there 
by the lake, but it is a better take-off point for pks and more 
vegetation down at the lowest of the 4 Royce Lks. It was still 
early and we felt good, so we ate, parked our packs there and 
took off toward the Royce-Merriam Col at 230pm.

Sue and Virginia, very strong hikers from San Diego, were new 
to ice ax use so I gave them a class - the usual self belay, grips, 
head first, glissading, etc. They were model students, and snow 
conditions were ideal for practice. Temperature in the 70's. Then 
up to the col at 12,400'. Some steepness to the snow, but not 
dangerous in the soft conditions. From the col we all did the 
easy 900' (class 2) to the top of Royce, and back to the col. John 
McCully, our 4th group member, opted to head back for a nap 
while we three did the 700' up the talus to Merriam's summit. 
Glissaded back from the col; got to camp at 7 pm. I visited with 
Pat Orris from SCMA who happened to be next to our camp; she 
and Tom the next day were to climb the 5.10 multipitch route up 
Merriam's spectacular N buttress.

Wind came up at night but blew away the clouds and humidity 
that had lingered in the Sierra the last 2 weeks. 39 deg F in the 
morning -- because of the dry cooler air associated with the 
weak cold front that moved in. We felt good so went for 4 
Gables -- about 5 miles x-country on the other side of Pine 
Creek Pass. Figured Steelhead Lk best camp spot for the Pk. 
What a view in the Pass area! Extremely green, water all over, 
hardly a dried leaf or blade of brown grass. Flowers at height of 
bloom; polemonium blooming near the top of Merriam. The 
120% of normal winter season, and the 180% previous season 
left snow still feeding the creeks. Recent rain also helped. So we 
moved across this paradise and deposited our packs at Steelhead 
Lk. At 10am we went toward the W ridge of 4 Gables to find a 
good chute to the summit plateau. Secor mentions no summit 
route from the W in his book. From the E end of the Lk we 
could see a chute that looked sandy all the way up. It went with 
no problem-class 2.

4 Gables is impressive from the other side at Horton Lks. But 
from the west it doesn't look like a mountain. There are higher 
summits on either side of its ridge. But we used the map and did 
find the register on the nondescript elevated area at the side of 
the plateau. The register (3x5 notebook) was started in 1988 but 
is only 10% full. Windy on top--one of the few times on the trip 
we weren't wearing shorts and t-shirt. Beautiful with the green 
and all the Lks above French Canyon and Piute Canyons.

Got back to packs at 230pm so decided to hike out. That way I 
could get still another (the last in the area) peak I needed for the 
sacred List. At the cars at 7pm, ate pizza in Bishop, and camped 
at the campground near the "town" of Tom's Place.

At 7000' it was cool for sleeping, yet warm enough in the 
morning for easy rising. Up at 6 and started the hike to Mt 
Stanford (N) at 730am from the 9280 level on the Rock Creek 
road. My old map didn't show the cutoff trail about 1/2 mile 
farther up the road; it didn't matter because it took us only 20 
minutes to hike up the steep slope and meet the Hilton Lks trail.

Then onto Hilton Lks. A lot of forest around there. Talked to a 
fisherman who offered us "grease pie"?? on our way back. We 
continued on up the drainage through the life zones from forest 
to beautiful alpine meadows, alpine fell fields and talus piles. 
Went through the col as in RJ's book, but not at its N edge as he 
says. Arrived at noon on Stanford's summit; weather perfect -- 
bright sun, good view, warm. The register was in a good ammo 
box but on the wrong summit bump. We put it back on the 
highest one. Back to the car at 4pm, with stopping for apples 
from the fisherman, and I took a dip in the lake. We made haste 
back to LA; stopped quickly at Schat's (and Carl's across the 
street), and my favorite Fosters Freeze at Rosamond. Got to SF 
Valley at 9 pm.

I will remember the perfect midsummer Shangri-La conditions 
on this trip. And John's extensive narratives of his social and 
international exploits while we all were strolling across the fell 
fields and enjoying the beauty!

- Ron Hudson


-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Royce and Merriam
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Royce Peak (13253) and Merriam Peak (13077) are two 
medium-sized mid-Sierra peaks south of Mt. Abbot and about 
five miles northwest of Mt. Humphreys. To climb them, Roger 
Crawley and Bob Suzuki combined their permits and assembled 
a PCS horde of 14 people. Besides Bob and Roger, the group 
included Alex Keith, Arun Mahajan, Peyma Oskoui, Dan Tischler, 
Nancy Fitzsimmons, John Wilkinson, Larry Hester, Helena & Rick 
Verrow, Bob Bynum, Jeff West, and me (Jim Ramaker).

We hiked out from the Pine Creek trailhead (7400 feet) at 9 a.m. 
on Sat. Aug. 24. For the first couple of miles, the trail winds up 
the canyon walls above a large tungsten mill, and right from the 
start you're surrounded by cliffs and peaks -- no boring, sun-
baked, sagebrush slog as at other east side trailheads like Big 
Pine Creek or Shepherd Pass.

The trail climbs up through the woods and past the two Pine 
Creek lakes. A striking, unnamed, black-and-white striped peak 
rises from the lower lake at 9900 feet to its summit at 12,600. It 
appears to offer adventurous class 3 routes from the lake and 
would make a great dayhike. We had lunch near the upper lake 
and hiked two more miles uphill through a beautiful timberline 
area to Pine Creek Pass at 11,100 feet. From the pass we turned 
right and strolled due west up onto a vast barren plateau, which 
offered easy walking on slabs, grass, and sand. Cresting a slight 
rise, we spotted our two peaks, rising steeply out of the flat 
terrain with one of the Royce Lakes symmetrically arranged directly 
below the saddle between them. We got to the lake at 3 p.m. -- a 
pretty good performance for 8 miles and 4300 feet of climbing.

As clouds darkened overhead, we talked to some other people 
camped there, rested, and thought about setting up our tents. 
Around four, our laziness turned into frenzied action as a light 
shower quickly built into a powerful rainstorm, with plenty of 
wind and hail but luckily no lightning in our exposed location. 
We rushed to get our tents up, and learned the value of being 
well-versed in setting up your tent in wind and rain. We had varying 
degrees of success, and by the time we got inside our tents with our 
soaking wet raingear, most of the tent interiors were pretty soggy.

Some of us had gotten cold in the wind and rain, and our damp 
sleeping bags offered scant warmth. It was a sobering exercise 
in camping technique -- if this little storm had made some of us 
seriously damp and cold, what would a real downpour have 
done? In summary -- practice setting up your tent till you can do 
it blindfolded, set it up if possible as soon as the sky looks 
threatening, and bring a sponge to mop up the tent floor before 
laying your sleeping bag out.

The mountain gods were merciful this time -- the sky cleared off 
around 6:30 and a fresh breeze did wonders for drying our 
sleeping bags, even though the sun had dipped behind the peaks 
in the west. We were able to cook dinner outside, and were 
further rewarded with an astonishing sunset, as the sinking sun 
painted the lingering storm clouds a fiery pink and the distant 
ranges behind us to the east a golden yellow. We were all toasty 
warm as we got back into our tents and sleeping bags and 
listened to the patter of the next rain shower on our nylon roofs.

We woke before dawn to a deep starry sky, and set off about 7 for the 
saddle between the peaks. The snow leading up to the saddle was 
very low-angle but frozen, so Bob told us to pick up sharp rocks to 
use as ice daggers. What we go through to stay within the lawyers' 
definition of a non-technical climb! Bob found some class-2 rock that 
avoided a short stretch of steeper snow, and our huge cheery group 
was soon relaxing on the saddle.

>From there we wandered up the class-2 slope to Royce, with the 
lead dogs taking 45 minutes for the 1100-foot climb from the 
saddle. Roger and Bob deserve praise for a summit success rate 
of 107% -- we dragged one of the non-PCS campers at the lake 
along with us. Luckily he was a cooperative fellow, and agreed 
to take summit photos of all 14 of us with about 12 different 
cameras. Absurd yes, but there aren't many (any?) PCS summit 
photos with 14 climbers in them, and everyone wanted one.

The weather was clear, and we had great views of Humphreys, 
Goddard, the Abbot group, and the Palisades. We could even see 
Banner and Ritter in the forest-fire haze far to the northwest. 
One thing about this area -- it seemed that wherever we were, 
even in valleys or behind ridges, the soaring bulk of Mt. 
Humphreys was never out of sight. What a peak!

A pleasant boulder and scree descent brought us back to the 
saddle around 10 a.m., and six stalwarts then attacked the class-
2 slope of Merriam. It was steeper than Royce but with nice 
solid rock, and this time the lead dogs made the trip in about 35 
minutes. From the summit, we looked down a class-3 gully on 
the east face, hidden from view from our camp. It offers a 
shorter and sportier way to the summit from the lake. We rested 
on top, and yodeled to the other eight members of our party, now 
just arriving back at camp on the vast plateau below. All good 
things must end, and someone finally said it was time to go. In 
an hour we were back in camp, now facing the dreaded PCS Sunday 
of being tired from a morning of climbing, with a long hike out and 
an even longer drive home standing between us and civilization.

But such thoughts soon drifted away in the magnificence of our 
surroundings, the resilience of the human body once on the trail, 
and the pleasant vulgarity of PCS conversation. We wandered 
across the plateau and down past the lakes, arriving at the cars 
at 5:30 after a refreshing late afternoon rain shower. Despite the 
long drive awaiting us, ten of us gathered for dinner at a restaurant in 
Mammoth lakes -- we just didn't want this fun trip to end. 

- Jim Ramaker

*** Additional Comments:

I would like to compliment Jim Ramaker for such an articulate, 
accurate, and creatively written trip report. His recollection of 
details and vivid verbal imagery are great! I could not have done 
a better job. I admire people who are good creative writers 
because I often struggle with writing myself. His description of 
the "frenzied action as a light shower quickly built into a 
powerful rainstorm, with plenty of wind and hail" really 
described the situation perfectly and invoked the feeling of 
actually being there.

I learned several lessons from that experience. First of all, don't 
delay in putting on rain gear and warm clothing when it starts to 
rain in the mountains. Second, always carry gloves and keep 
them in the pockets of your rain gear so that you don't have to 
dig through the pack to find them. Third, make sure that the tent 
is not inside out before starting the trip. Fourth, brief your tent 
mates on the tent set-up procedure. If time permits, tent mates 
should practice setting up the tent they intend to use prior to the trip.

Also I enjoyed the description of the sunset, the climb, and the 
camaraderie we all felt at the Grumpy's after wards. I agree with 
the statement about "we just didn't want this fun trip to end". 
Jeff West introduced me to Grumpy's and I now look forward to 
going there after each PCS trip. This past weekend, Gretchen 
and I went to the PCS car camp. We set up our tent early on 
Friday and then drove over to Mammoth Lakes and had dinner 
at Grumpy's. It was like reliving a part of the Royce, Red and 
White, and Bloody Mountain trips. I look forward to more 
enjoyable trips with PCS. This is a great group of people.

- Bob Bynum


-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Climborama
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

It was a climborama to the Great Western Divide; twelve 
climbers, in Sequoia for eight days, attempting fourteen 
mountains, made seventy three person-peaks.

The team: leader Kelly Maas, co-leaders Bob Suzuki and me 
(Aaron Schuman), intrepid mountaineers Debbie Benham, 
Debbie Bulger, David Harris, John Bees, Steve Eckert, Charles 
Schafer, Andy Skumanich, Craig Clarence and Steve Shields.

The days: July 28th through August 4th, 1996.

The peaks: Milestone, Midway, Table, Thunder, Jordan, 
Genevra, Ericsson, Stanford, Caltech, Junction, Keith, Tyndall, 
Trojan and Barnard.

Space doesn't permit a detailed report of every attempt on every 
summit, but I'd like to present a few vignettes:

Milestone Mountain is the most photogenic peak on the Great 
Western Divide. It looks unclimbable, but dedicated 
mountaineers can find a safe, moderate ascent. Eleven of the 
twelve of us visited the top.

Midway Mountain is the highest point on the Great Western 
Divide, and yet was the easiest summit of our trip. Everybody 
who climbed Midway did it either as a traverse from Milestone 
or as a traverse to Milestone.

Table Mountain had some inobvious route finding on the face, 
and some dangerously loose rock. Although the guide books call 
it class 3, Steve Eckert took a belay, and someone else barely 
avoided taking a fall. Secor recommends carrying a rope, and I 
can see the value of his advice. In spite of the difficulties, Table 
is a rewarding peak with an incredible summit. One group 
combined Table on the same long day with Milestone and 
Midway, and another party made Table a day unto itself.

Thunder Mountain and Mount Jordan each have a class 4 
summit block. We knew this before the trip, but we still elected 
to carry two 7 mm ropes. We believed they would be sufficient 
for a single exposed move on each peak, and we wanted to limit 
the weight we carried in. But several climbers were 
uncomfortable with the exposure given the kind of protection we 
had available to us. On Thunder, one group roped not only for 
the summit block, but for traversing the last two hundred feet of 
the face leading up to the summit. Half of that group stopped 
before the traverse, concerned that a 7 mm rope is insufficient 
for a possible pendulum fall. We agreed that Mount Jordan was 
underrated; it is a fine climb and a worthy destination.

The group who visited Mount Stanford thought it was the most 
daring ascent they could imagine.

Two parties climbed Mount Ericsson from different directions; 
Debbie and Debbie from Harrison Pass, and Steve and David up 
the long class 4 south ridge.

Twelve is a lot of experienced people to keep together on one 
extended trip. Our intention was to camp together every night 
and climb in smaller groups during the day, but there were too 
many different levels of skill and stamina, and everybody 
wanted to climb peaks they personally hadn't climbed before. 
We ended up staying together most nights and collecting rumors 
about who had seen whom on what mountain earlier in the day.

One evening's meeting, planning the next day's climbs, was 
suddenly dispersed by the moon rising over Mount Whitney. It 
sent everybody running for the ideal camera angle. And it was 
just one astonishing view among so many, in a gorgeous and 
rarely visited part of the Sierra Nevada.

Charles speaks for all of us when he says, "In spite of the 
mosquitoes and slogging for 4+ days with a full pack, that this 
was probably the best trip I've been on. The mountains were 
great and the companionship even better."

We had two uncomfortably close calls, and we should let them 
stir our safety consciousness. Kelly observes, "Better to not 
summit than to hurt or kill yourself. Know your abilities and 
climb within them."

Look at the Great Western Divide through our eyes! [If you have 
a web browser, these pictures are on the PCS web pages:]
The mosquitoes were so dense that we were obliged to wear

bug veils. 
Our grueling ascent of Thunder Mountain left Bob Suzuki

exhausted. 
Don't underestimate the class four summit of Mount

Jordan. 
Stunning vistas were all around us. We saw Milestone Mountain
bathed in the rosy light of dawn as the

moon set. 

- Aaron Schuman


+ + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + +
+ Q: Why do mountain climbers rope themselves together? +
+ A: To prevent the sensible ones from going home.      +
+ + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + +


-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Brewer by Bubbs
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Mt. Brewer (13,577') August 2 - 4, 1996: Ah, solitude! My family 
decamped to Washington, a rare 3-day weekend, no obligations 
which can't be procrastinated, a permit for one up Bubbs Creek, and 
an itinerary honed from months of intemperate drooling over 7.5 
minute quad maps.

I awoke on Friday 8/2 to the thudding hooves of cows eyeing me 
curiously as I slept next to my Toyota along the Converse Basin 
USFS Road: at 5:15, I couldn't have set a more apt time on an 
alarm clock. When I realized I'd forgotten to fill my water bottles 
for a.m. coffee, I zipped over to the Road's End permit station to 
fuel up before setting off. The few of us already there stoically 
avoided the bad vibes of an anxious twentysomething guy who 
desperately wanted to get his permit before those of us who 
arrived ahead of him. "I already know where I'm going, can I just 
get mine right now?" Do people get this way from commuting on 
freeways too much? The ranger made him wait his turn, to the 
quiet satisfaction of us all. In no time I was walking eagerly up 
Bubbs to the Sphinx Creek junction.

A couple of years ago a friend told me Sphinx Creek was a less 
interesting trail than Copper Creek, an observation that I now 
disagree with emphatically. Sphinx is wonderful. Once I'd 
established my pack-mule pace, it seemed every turn in the 
switchbacks yielded a vaster, grander view. Through experience 
I've learned that before solo trips the choice of music one listens 
to on the long drive to the Sierra can help or hinder a long slog 
like Sphinx Creek. I was wise to have picked some very buoyant 
Italian arias by Cecilia Bartoli, and I fought the impulse to burst 
out singing with each new vista. The abundant mosquitoes 
disappeared (!) at roughly 9500' in this drainage, to my further joy. 
By 4:30 I pitched my tent in a cozy meadow at 10,200' above the 2nd 
Sphinx Lake, ate an early supper, and was asleep by 7:45.

On Saturday, summit day, I headed up past the upper three lakes 
toward the 2nd class notch described in Secor, passing a sleepy-
looking group of guys at the lake above me. By 10 I was at the 
pass, overlooking Brewer Creek and looking across to the Kings-
Kaweah Divide and Glacier Ridge. The highest basin in Brewer 
Creek is very interesting, including a small slot canyon suitable 
for jumping across and impressing bystanders. The gnatcatchers 
flying about seemed nonplused by my daring acrobatics. From 
the deep gemlike lakes at the SW base of Brewer, the final 
assault is an exciting bit of routefinding, particularly along the 
SW semi-buttress to the summit at the NE end of the hogback. 
The wind that blew so fiercely on the way up was gone at the 
top, and I enjoyed an hour of eating and relaxing, peacefully 
regarding all that was beneath me. My favorite entry in the 
register: "Puked the whole way up, but I made it!" Back at camp 
in time for another early bedtime, I was scared half to death 
when a grouse burst through my meadow just as I was dozing 
off, shattering the quiet as well as my nerves.

Day three involved a meandering descent on- and off-trail back 
to the car, featuring an ill-advised crossing of a aspen grove on 
Sphinx. I'd been too lazy to scout a bouldering route & failed to 
notice the stream had braided through ribs of granite. Bad idea! I 
made it across, bugged & scratched, but with ankles intact. At 
the bottom, a rejuvenating skinny-dip in the Kings put me in a 
suitable frame of mind for the long drive back to the belly of the 
beast. Counting the days 'til I'm back up there... 

- Douglas Smith


-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Cascade Volcanoes, '96
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

July 20: Hoping to someday climb all the Cascade Volcanoes, I was 
joined by Mike Rinaldi and Brian Higgins for a whirlwind tour of 
the Pacific Northwest. We all piled into my van and headed up north 
with the intent of climbing Mt Hood, Mt Adams and Mt St Helens. 
Work responsibilities cut our original 5 day trip down to 4 days, so 
we had to really move fast. Driving passed Mt Shasta and sharing 
our climbing stories helped set the positive mood that prevailed 
throughout the trip. With Mt Hood looming in the distance we all 
agreed it was just as impressive in person as in the pictures. We 
debated the severity of the potential rockfall danger verses starting 
times, and after one member expressed a preference to getting hit by 
rockfall than to getting up at 1:00 am, we agreed to "late" start of 5:00 am.

July 21: We woke to an early morning fog, but on the way to the 
trailhead we emerged above it, and from that moment on we had 
fantastic weather the entire trip. The trailhead for the "easy" south 
route up Mt Hood starts at the Timberline Lodge, and less than 30 
minutes later we were in crampons headed up the side of a ski lift 
that was very busy with skiers in mid July! At about 8000' we came 
upon an impressive looking base camp with four identical North 
Face Mountain-24's dug into the snow. We were soon met by 
noxious rotten egg smell from two large fumaroles which I gave as 
wide a berth as possible. Our late start did prove to be a concern, as 
the sun had already risen high enough to shine directly on the 
preferred chute, loosening rocks and snow that were beginning to fall 
above us. Playing it safe we choose the alternate route, which had 
less rock overhead. The route was impressively steep, testing, but not 
exceeding our technical ability. A large bergshrund beneath us kept 
everyone's attention focused and we were on the 11,237' summit four 
hours after starting. Clear skies provided great views of Mt Jefferson, 
the Three Sisters and Broken Top to the south, and Mt Adams and 
Mt Rainier to the north and Mt St Helens to the west. The climb 
down was uneventful except for the snowboard competition and the 
fact there were about a 1000 people on the ski sloops! As we crossed 
the Columbia River and entered Washington our views of Mt Adams 
confirmed what we already knew, at 12,276', Mt Adams was taller 
than and more massive than the steeply shouldered Mt Hood.

July 22: Our great weather continued, and after driving the final 3 
potholed miles up to the trailhead at about 5 mph, we hit the trail for 
a very "late" start of 6:30 am. Again we choose the easy route on the 
south side from Cold Springs. Soft snow made crampons optional 
early on, but a steep 1,800' wall above the "Lunch Counter" brought 
out the crampons and ice axes. As we labored up, we passed many 
people, our previous days acclimation starting to show. We 
summited at 12:30 and again had fantastic views of all the before 
mentioned peaks and now Mt Hood also. After lunch and the 
mandatory summit photos we put on rain pants and started the best 
"butt" glissading I've ever done. 1,800' down in about 5 minutes! 
Previous climbers had established deep grooves, much like a bobsled 
run, after initially checking my speed with my ice axe, I eventually 
just went full speed because of the adequate runout on the Lunch 
Counter. We eked out every last bit of glissading we could and got 
down in a remarkably fast time. Everything had been going too 
smooth, we were destined to have some problem just to keep us 
honest. After finishing a leisurely dinner half way to Mt St Helens, 
we planned to arrive at the "Climbers Bivouac" around 10:00 pm, 
when much to our surprise a washed out bridge closed the road with 
about 10 miles to go. Scrambling to get the maps out, our hearts sank 
when we realized we would have to backtrack and drive almost 200 
miles to get to the trailhead. Having waken up that morning at 4:30 
none of us we eager to drive much further, but somehow we 
managed to stay awake and arrived at the trailhead at 2:30 in the 
morning.

July 23: We didn't dare sleep in too long because we because we had 
to drive home after climbing, so about 7:00 we forced ourselves to 
get up and get ready. The climb up Mt St Helens is pretty easy, a 
nearly level hike through a forest, boulder hop up most of Monitor 
ridge, and then slog through pumice to the top at 8,365'. We 
managed the summit in 2.5 hours and again enjoyed the perfect 
weather so unusual to the Pacific Northwest. The crater is amazing, 
the volume of mountain blown out, that created the cavity is 
awesome. The lave dome is still smoldering and growing, and 
rockfall inside the crater is constant. In the distance we could see 
Spirit Lake, still littered with fallen trees 16 years later.

After plunge stepping our way down the pumice slopes, we loaded 
up and reluctantly headed home. We could see all the peaks we had 
climbed while looking out the van windows. Three mountains in 
three days, with perfect weather and company, I can't remember a 
better trip. 

- Dewey DuMond


-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Charleston and Death Valley
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

July 4th Holiday, 1996: Being somewhat bored of trying to get up Mt 
Williamson from George Creek (Yes Tony, please sign me up next 
spring. I want to go again- we should take 5 days and not return until 
we do that route even if it storms on us (a little) !!) I instead went 
sado-masochistically solo to Death valley (well,. not really solo, I 
took 25 gals of water plus a 4WD as company) July 3-9th.

After temps as high as 121 and 95 at 4 AM I abandoned the attempts 
at any peaks and scooted over to I15 and the Spring Mountain Area 
& the other wilderness areas northwest of Las Vegas.

Being totally fried by the heat I assumed not too many people would 
be at Mnt Charleston, being a relatively minor peak but in a 
gorgeous desert setting (11500 and change.)

Amid some remaining snow pack (Yes!) there were several 6' deep 
patches several hundred yards long on the north slope. Amazing 
considering that the valley floor temps reached 110 deg that day. 
Slogging up to the summit took about 5 hrs from the 6500 foot 
trailhead. The ice axe and crampons proved to be dead weight but 
worked well to hold the tent down during some medium breezes 
when a small low pressure area came in Sat.

I spent 2 days camped out near the summit watching all the gaudy 
lights and a fireworks near LV (awesome in firepower, dollars per 
bang and sheer tenacity of gaudiness) as well as spectacular desert 
views as wells as quite clear sunrises and sunsets.

Various minor trails afforded some relaxing waterfall time from the 
moderate runnoff still occurring. The juxtaposition of 100+ floor 
temps plus 65 deg temps at altitude afforded a very relaxing 
atmosphere. The "holiday hordes" were not present although I 
estimate I saw 20-30 people at lower elevations. From this point of 
view it was a successful trip!

The area here was a little different than the Sierra but I would not 
recommend going out of your way to see it...there was nothing 
special of note.. just a little solitude and a few high waterfalls you 
could actually sit nearby, enjoy and hold a nice conversation and get 
a little occasional spray to keep cool. 

- Rich Calliger


-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Longs Peak, Trip#1
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

I've always wanted to climb Longs Peak, and this year I got my 
chance. My oldest son had his Boy Scout camp in Colorado this year. 
After dropping him off at Camp Ben Delatour, northwest of Fort 
Collins, the rest of our family headed to Estes Park, an ideal location 
from which to climb Longs Peak if, like my wife, you insist on 
staying in a motel.

On Wednesday, July 17, I visited the Longs Peak Ranger Station. 
The climbing ranger advised me that I should start climbing no later 
than 3:00 a.m. because of frequent lightning storms that envelop the 
mountain anytime from noon on. The ranger station also has a model 
of the mountain (which the ranger used to show me the "Keyhole" 
route) and a few photographs of the route.

The following morning, July 18, I began hiking at 3:40 a.m. from the 
Longs Peak Ranger Station (approximate elevation 9,400 feet). 
Timberline on Longs Peak is very low for some reason, probably 
around 10,800 feet. As a result, I had the opportunity to watch the 
pre-sunrise from above timberline. The brilliant reds and purples 
were breathtaking. I attained the Boulderfield at about 6:15 a.m.

The Boulderfield is at 12,750 feet and is about 5 miles from the 
trailhead at Longs Peak Ranger Station. As the name implies, it 
is a huge field of boulders that leads up to the famous " 
Keyhole." Along the south side of the Keyhole is the Agnes 
Vaille shelter, built to honor a woman who lost her life on an 
attempted winter ascent of Longs Peak.

After a quick breakfast of moon pies and other highly nutritious 
food I boulder-hopped up to and through the Keyhole. The 
weather was holding magnificently, with cobalt blue skies and 
not even a whisper of wind.

The Keyhole brought me to the Ledges, which led me to the Trough. 
The route is marked with prominent bull's eyes (yes, bull's eyes) 
painted on the rock. There is some slight exposure on the Ledges 
even when they are dry and snow-free. The reddish rock is very 
smooth, and I would be a bit worried if it were wet or snowy.

So far all the climbing was second class. At the top of the Trough 
there is a third class move past a chockstone. This brought me to the 
Narrows, where the maximum exposure is encountered immediately 
after passing the chockstone. Then the route becomes easier and less 
exposed, all the way to the Homestretch. The Homestretch consists 
of easy third class climbing up a series of slabs. The rock was so 
smooth it looked wet even when it was perfectly dry.

I summited at the ridiculously early hour of 8:30 a.m. (At this point I 
felt I had been sold a bill of goods by the rangers. I could have gotten 
another couple hours of sleep and still summited before 11:00 a.m.! 
More on this later, though). The summit (14,255) is a flat area the 
size of a football field. The weather continued to hold, with 
absolutely no wind and temperatures that allowed people to sit 
around in shirtsleeves. There were only 3 other people on top. (Three 
climbers passed me on their way down as I was ascending -- Longs 
Peak is a freeway in the summer at all hours of the day or night). 
After spending half an hour eating poptarts (by then I was all out of 
moon pies), I began my descent.

I must have passed 50 - 60 climbers on the way down, including a 
man who looked to be in his seventies and a couple of fourteen year 
olds. Forget about a wilderness experience on Longs Peak. It was a 
freeway. At around 11:15 a.m. the clouds closed in and it started 
hailing. By then I was below the Boulderfield and was beginning to 
feel better about starting so early. I reached the Ranger Station and 
the end of the trail at 1:20 p.m. When I looked back I saw that Longs 
Peak was completely enveloped in nasty thunderheads. It was raining 
to beat the band, and I hastily ducked into my car.

This climb is a lot of fun, and I recommend it if you are ever in the 
Estes Park area. Anyone who is interested in climbing the peak is 
invited to call me for more information. The total distance to the 
summit via the Keyhole Route from Longs Peak Ranger Station is 8 
miles one way, 16 miles round trip, with about 4,800 feet of 
elevation gain. 

- Mark Wallace


-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Longs Peak, Trip#2
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Ascent of Longs Peak, Colorado (14,255 feet) August 4, 1996: 
Longs Peak is the highest peak in Rocky Mountain National 
Park and the 13th highest in Colorado. It has a non-technical 
route (class 2-3) called the Keyhole Route and several class 4 
and technical routes. It has perhaps the biggest wall climb in the 
Rockies on a 1,500 foot face called the Diamond. 

I drove about an hour west on Highway 36 from Boulder on 
Sunday, August 4. I reached the trailhead at about 7:30 a.m. and 
began hiking with a light pack and sneakers. The trail switches 
back gently through a dense forest which leads up to a broad 
expanse of tundra, where one gets good views of the Diamond 
and Mt. Meeker, which is next to Longs and is almost a 14er 
itself. From the tundra I continued on gentle switchbacks toward 
the Boulder Field, which is a large flat area south of the peak 
with excellent panoramic views. Above the boulder field is a 
long ridge with a rocky notch that looks remarkably like a 
keyhole. Just before the Keyhole is a rock hut similar in size and 
appearance to the hut on Muir Pass.

I reached the Keyhole at about 11:30 a.m. There the route 
became exposed and the views of the tundra, lakes and snow 
fields below were reminiscent of Sierra scenery. I followed a 
long class 2 traverse to the right of the keyhole, following red 
and yellow bullseyes which were painted on the rocks to mark 
the route. These markers are reminiscent of the system used in 
the Alps to mark trails. After about 20 minutes I arrived at a 
long, steep chute with solid rock. After another 20 minutes, I 
reached the top of the chute at about 13,500 feet. Another short 
and exposed ridge led to an inclined summit slab about 250 feet 
high which led to the summit plateau.

The summit plateau was wide and flat like that on Mt. Whitney 
and the view was similar. On the way down, it snowed lightly 
for 30 minutes but cleared up. I found an abandoned snow picket 
in mint condition, which I added to my collection. I returned to 
the trailhead at 6 p.m. It had been a lovely dayhike, 15 miles 
round trip. This was my fifth 14er in 1996 and second 14er in 
Colorado so far (only 51 to go!).

If you're ever in Denver and have an extra day, I highly recommend 
Longs Peak, which is only 2 hours from the city and can be easily 
dayhiked in good weather. Earlier in my Colorado visit, I DROVE to 
the top of Pikes Peak, which is perhaps the most famous mountain in 
the state. It is an hour's drive south of Denver, near Colorado 
Springs. On the same day I toured the Cave of the Winds and the 
Garden of the Gods, both just north of Pikes Peak. 

- Tony Cruz 


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Williamson and Tyndall
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Three friends and I attempted the summits of Mt Williamson 
and Mt Tyndall over 4th of July weekend. We drove through 
Yosemite on Wednesday night and camped on the east side. 
After breakfast at Whiskey Creek (great place) in Big Pine, we 
reached the trailhead around 10 am on Thursday.

We set off at a pretty good pace, reaching the top of the 
switchbacks in time for lunch. Then we hiked down and back up 
to Anvil camp. My partner and I had decided not to bring a tent 
so we were stuck fending off the little biting flies until dark. The 
mosquitoes weren't too bad, and we were able to get a good 
night's sleep. But when the sun came up, the flies were back so 
we hurried to get out of Anvil camp and up to Shepherd's Pass.

The snow field right below Shepherd's Pass was a little soft but 
not too bad, so we used crampons to climb up the last 200 feet. 
By 11:30, we had set up camp a little shy of the Williamson 
bowl. After lunch, three of us set off to climb Tyndall. Basically, 
this consisted of hiking up a huge field of boulders.

It took my partner and I about 2 hours to get to the summit ridge. 
At this point, we weren't exactly sure where to go. We ended up 
climbing down through a notch into a steep gully. From that 
point, it was obvious that we would have to climb another 500 
feet down and then back up in order to gain the summit. We 
decided that we would be better off saving our energy for 
Williamson so, with some difficulty, we climbed back up onto 
the summit ridge then down off the mountain.

When we got back to camp, we consulted our guide book and 
discovered that we should have just turned to the right when we 
first reached the ridge and scrambled across to the summit. Oh 
well, Tyndall will still be there for the next time.

We got up around 6 am on Saturday morning and headed off toward 
Williamson. It took us about 90 minutes to hike over to the base of 
the mountain. We climbed up over lots of boulders, staying a bit to 
the right of the main gully. We didn't bring crampons or ice axes, so 
we stayed off the snow. The climbing wasn't too difficult, although I 
did feel like I was hanging out over nothing a few times. We had to 
wait our turn to climb up into the chimney. I was a little nervous 
because I had no actual rock climbing experience, but it turned out to 
be pretty easy. I think I used the "scoot-on-your-butt" method that 
Tony Cruz described. After that, we climbed over a few more 
boulders and we were on the summit - with about 20 other people 
including some from the PCS.

One of the members of my group was feeling poorly, so we 
headed right back down. It ended up taking us 4 and a half hours 
from camp to summit and 3 and a half hours to get back. On 
Sunday, we packed up and hiked out. It took us a lot longer to 
get out than we thought it would - 5 hours from camp to the 
trailhead. We were back at the car by about noon.

- Kelly King


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Shasta Via Avalanche Gulch
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

On Friday June 14, Rich Calliger, Kelly King, and myself (Mike Rinaldi) 
set off to climb Mt. Shasta. To the puzzlement of both Rich and I, 
completely unplanned and undiscussed, we ended up arriving almost the 
same minute, from different exits, at the Shasta Ranger station. Rich later 
said that it put to shame some of his previous "Ready-to-leave-the-Ranger-
Station-at-7AM-sharp" drills that never happened after repeated planning 
calls and discussions prior to leaving. We quickly signed in and spent some 
time in the 5th Season Shop. We drooled at all the neat stuff but quickly 
hauled ourselves out of there before the VISA card could magically leave its 
hiding place in our respective wallets and wreak havoc on our budgets.

When we reached Bunny Flat we met Kelly who was already halfway 
packed and ready to go. We started toward Horse Camp with a good pace 
but later I needed to slow to take care of my first hot spot developing on my 
heal. New boots really su...! The slog up to Lake Helen was uneventful 
other than the constant task of trying to decide if/when/where to cache our 
"just in case" snowshoes. The "case" never happened so we lugged the 
weight with us all the way up. The snow was becoming softer as the day 
grew older. By the time we got to 9000' our kick-stepping was turning to 
quasi-postholing. Lake Helen was busy with about 14 other tents. We 
found two side by side pits and set camp. We settled to sleep at about 8:30 
anticipating an Alpine start for the summit on Saturday.

Rich adds, ....Having done almost exclusively full or 3/4 moon trips in the 
last 10-11 trips, this was the first peak I did in over 8 months with a new 
moon. Half a sleep most of the night due to continual light wind gusts, we 
awoke to a short but particularly strong blast of wind at about midnight. we 
sat upright, looked outside the tent, and enjoyed the special splendor of an 
absolutely spectacular Milky Way. Only at altitude does one really see 
(10,400) well at night. Not one cloud in the sky spoiled the view...the massive 
splash across the hemisphere and seemingly infinite depth of stars took our breath 
away (no pun intended) and all we could say for 5 minutes was "Oh my God 
look at that" "Wow" and other meaningful and intelligent things!...

As we started out pretty strong at about 7AM Saturday morning it was 
apparent that Rich's ankle would not hold out to the summit...So he enjoyed 
some very fast glissading back to Helen Lake on the still frozen/snow and 
ice...unlike the mushy snow we tried glissading in later from Helen Lake 
back down to Horse camp. Rich remained at camp throughout the morning 
making new friends. As people ascended they commented on his laying in 
the morning sun icing his ankle while Kelly and myself continued to the 
summit. Being the first time I've attempted Shasta I really didn't realize how 
fortunate we were with the weather. It was gorgeous. A slight cool breeze 
blew part of the time but mostly it was glorious. We scampered (can you do 
that with crampons??) up the Red Banks and up Misery Hill toward our 
goal. On the way up Kelly and myself met a couple of guys who had been 
up there for the sunrise. Apparently they had left Bunny Flat at about 
midnight and headlamped it all the way up to meet old Sol. Sounds like a 
future trip (with moon). Any takers?

The summit was clear and surprisingly warm (35-40 deg). Clouds were 
beginning to develop and surround the base of the mountain but it seemed 
like we would have plenty of time to get back to camp. Up at the summit 
we met a fellow climber who was interested in taking our picture (there 
were about 8-10 of us up there at the time). He said he was just completing 
a guide book on Shasta and wanted a summit picture for the back cover. 
Not being the camera shy types and seeing this as an opportunity to be 
forever enshrined we wasted no time in striking a pose. Hopefully 
hollywood is not long behind. Well, maybe "Rock and Ice". So keep an eye 
out for yet another Shasta guide book, coming soon to a bookstore near 
you.

We decided not to do any glissading on the way down mainly because we 
were afraid of impaling ourselves with our crampons. The snow was soft 
and the hike down was fast and hot!! Whew! Once at Lake Helen we 
quickly took down camp since we were worried that the thickening clouds 
did not bode well for our trip back to Bunny Flat. As it turned out the 
clouds just as quickly dissipated and left us with a warm/hot hike. We took 
every opportunity to glissade down the soft mushy snow. I was soaked by 
the time we reached Horse Camp. Where is GoreTex when you need it. 
Since most of us needed to be back in the Bay Area by Sunday we said 
quick goodbyes and shoved off for the Area by the Bay. Later we learned 
that Rich remained at Mt. Shasta city Saturday night for yet another peak at 
that spectacular Milky Way.

As my first experience climbing a real mountain I couldn't have been luckier 
to be with such great folks and blessed with spectacular weather!! If this is 
what its like to be a PCSer I guess I'm addicted. 

- Michael A. Rinaldi


-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
THE BACK PAGE
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Scree is the monthly journal of the Peak Climbing 
Section of the Sierra Club, Loma Prieta Chapter.

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Elected Officials
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Chair:
	Charles Schafer / charles.schafer@octel.com
	408-354-1545 home, 408-324-6003 work
	115 Spring Street, Los Gatos CA 95032-6229

Vice Chair and Trip Scheduler:
	Roger Crawley 
	415-321-8602 home
	761 Nash Avenue, Menlo Park CA 94025-2719

Treasurer and Membership Roster (address changes):
	Jim Ramaker / ramaker@vnet.ibm.com
	408-224-8553 home, 408-463-4873 work,
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Appointed Positions
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Scree Editor, Email Broadcast Operator:
	Steve Eckert / eckert@netcom.com
	415-508-0500 home/work, 415-508-0501 fax
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PCS World Wide Web Publisher:
	Aaron Schuman / schuman@sgi.com
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Hardcopy subscriptions are $10/year, plus a requested donation of $2/year
to cover operating expenses. Subscription applications and checks payable
to "PCS" should be mailed to the Treasurer so they arrive before the last
Tuesday of the expiration month.
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If you are on the PCS email broadcast, you have a free EScree subscription.
For broadcast info, send Email to  with the one-line
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form to the Treasurer to become voting PCS members at no charge, and are
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Rock Climbing Classifications

The following trip classifications are to assist you in choosing 
trips for which you are qualified. No simple rating system can 
anticipate all possible conditions.
	Class 1: Walking on a trail.
	Class 2: Walking cross-country, using hands for balance.
	Class 3: Requires use of hands for climbing. A rope may be used.
	Class 4: Requires rope belays.
	Class 5: Technical rock climbing.

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In Upcoming Issues:
(if you sent something that is not here, please send it again)
	Foreign Reports: Ojos del Salado, Aconcagua, Mont Blanc
	Distant Reports: Elbert, Ranier, Marcus Baker
	Trip Reports: Florence, Tyndall, Onion Valley,
	Virginia/Twin, Vogelsang
	Furry Friends Stories and Trangia Stove update

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Deadline for submissions to the next Scree is Sunday 10/27/96.
Meetings are the second Tuesday of each month.
This publication may not be posted on any public news group.
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"Vy can't ve chust climb?" - John Salathe